ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPERS, A STUDY or REVIEW should include: title page – headline, title of the paper, author(s), institution where work was done, abstract (a short one), and key words. The paper itself is to be divided into the following sections: introduction, methods and materials, results, discussion, references, tables, explanations, legends to figures.

Manuscript preparation
The manuscript must be written in English and should be supplied in the format prepared in accordance to the Instruction to Authors (Quick start; Technical Instructions; Sample paper). Manuscript must be prepared in gray scale, color images are not allowed.

Title page The TITLE of the paper should express its aim and should not exceed 60 characters including spaces. The text should not contain abbreviations and superfluous words (assessment, study, description, brief results, preliminary information, etc. Subheadings should not be used. Authors of the paper should be shown by their full first (Christian) and middle names and full third name (surname). Official workplaces of each author should be presented below their names and denoted by a number next to the authors’ names.

ABSTRACT: it should not contain more than 250 words. It should give the aim of the contribution, basic methodology (objects of the research, and research and analytical methods), principal findings (give specific data and their statistical significance), and the main conclusions. Authors should emphasize new and important aspects of their study and should use only generally known abbreviations. No publications or discussion of results are cited in the abstract.

Key words, not more than 6 words, should characterize the studied topic as well as possible and nouns given in the title must not be repeated.

The manuscript has several sections as follows:

INTRODUCTION – clearly presents the aim of the contribution. It summarizes the essence of the research and gives only strictly limited references that support the state of the present knowledge. Quotations published in the text should coincide with the data in the list of references. Each contribution must contain this section. The chapter should be finished with the sentence describing the aim of study, for example „the aim of this study is..............“.

MATERIALS AND METHODS – this section describes the subject of the research, observations and operating procedures sufficiently detailed to make them reproducible. The material used is defined accurately (species, varieties, breeds, machines, used chemicals, experimental sites, groups of animals, housing, procedures for measurements and evaluation, number of replications, used statistical methods and programmes. They also include characteristics of the experimental site and the weather pattern. There are also references to the methods used including statistical methods. Type and manufacturer of devices should be given.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION – this section contains results in logical sequence, as far as possible in tables, graphs, or in illustrations, if required. Identical results cannot be presented in tables as well as in graphs. Only important observations should be emphasised or summarized. Results of statistical evaluation should be denoted clearly. Results and Discussion should unambiguously express a comparison of the achieved results with the previous knowledge of the topic. It must make clear what is completely new in the presented results and where these results differ from the findings of other authors, and in what they coincide with the published opinions. Discussion should emphasise the significance of the results and draw attention to the newly opened issues and the need for their solution.

CONCLUSIONS – sum up the new knowledge in contributions. The data presented in the results and discussion sections are not repeated in detail. The relationship between the achieved results and the aims of the research is shown. It is necessary to avoid unqualified ideas and conclusions that are not supported by the results. Recommendations, if necessary, should be presented. Each contribution should include the conclusions section.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS – the authors thank only those who significantly participated in the contribution. This section also includes the number and title of a grant or its provider or other funding institution.

REFERENCES The literature quoted should consist of works from reviewed scientific sources. The author bears the responsibility for the accuracy of the presented literature when all publications quoted in the text are presented in the REFERENCES section (not “other authors”). If the references are not in English they must be translated into English, with a note in parentheses stating the original language of the contribution – e.g. in Russian. For citations of references, the square brackets and consecutive numbers must be used. Citations using labels or the author/year convention are also acceptable. The following bibliography provides a sample reference list with entries for journal articles [1], an LNCS chapter [2], a book [3], proceedings without editors [4], as well as a URL [5].


  1. Author, F.: Article title. Journal 2(5), 99–110 (2016).
  2. Author, F., Author, S.: Title of a proceedings paper. In: Editor, F., Editor, S. (eds.) CONFERENCE 2016, LNCS, vol. 9999, pp. 1–13. Springer, Heidelberg (2016).
  3. Author, F., Author, S., Author, T.: Book title. 2nd edn. Publisher, Location (1999).
  4. Author, F.: Contribution title. In: 9th International Proceedings on Proceedings, pp. 1–2. Publisher, Location (2010).
  5. LNCS Homepage,, last accessed 2016/11/21.